Vulnerable group development (VGD)

Technical Report
[Making a difference to the extreme poor women in Bangladesh through a social safety net programme]

Vulnerable Group Development (VGD) is one of the largest safety net programmes assisted by the World Food Programme (WFP). It is targeted at poor and vulnerable women in Bangladesh. The ultimate goal of the programme is to bring sustainable improvement to the lives of ultra-poor households. Starting with assisting war, famine and flood victims in the early 1970s, the VGD programme has evolved over time to focus on helping poor women graduate out of poverty. Currently about 750,000 women participants (about 3.75 million beneficiaries) from ultra-poor households receive a monthly food ration combined with a package of development services. The development package includes life skills and income generating skills training as well as a personal savings programme and access to micro-credit/NGO membership. There are two different forms of VGD: Income Generating Vulnerable Group Development (IGVGD) and Food Security Vulnerable Group Development (FSVGD). IGVGD participants are provided with a monthly food ration of 30 kilograms of wheat/rice or 25 kilograms of fortified flour (atta) while FSVGD participants are provided with a cash support of Taka 100 along with 15 kilograms flour. VGD activities are run on a two- year cycle, and participants can only participate for one cycle. At the end of the previous Country Programme (CP) (2001-2006), the WFP Country Office in Bangladesh launched a New Country Programme to be implemented from 2007 to 2010. The VGD programme is one of the components that makes up the New Country Programme which aims to improve the nutritional status of women, children and adolescents through improved food consumption, education, skills development, livelihood diversification and risk mitigation. This report highlights the findings of the outcome survey conducted on the VGD beneficiary households who participated in the 2005-2006 VGD programme cycle. The purpose of the survey was to assess the changes in the lives of ultra-poor households brought about by VGD activity by comparing to their status before the programme (baseline) and the middle of the programme. The survey undertaken in July 2007, referred to as the end-cycle outcome study covered 345 women in 46 Unions under 46 Upazilas in 29 districts from each ofthe programme components (IGVGD and FSVGD).

Date and language
Oct 2007

Corporate Author

Physical Location: 
FPMU Documentation Center
Classification Number: 
O-2007-86 (2 copies)
Other information
Printed resource

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